How to Create Responsive Website or Blogger Template


As the time goes, browsing websites from desktop computers decreasing and using Laptops, Tablets and Mobile devices increasing day by day. So why not to create our website design custom for each types of devices, that fits and looks more attractive for those devices to acquire the visitors entered from those devices.

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Responsive web design is the approach that suggests in which design and development should respond user behavior and environment based on the size of the browser screen, platform and orientation.

Responsive web design includes the use of flexible layouts, images and intelligent use of media queries. You can make your blogger template responsive by using special tags in CSS. Media queries (@media) are such tags, which helps to make your CSS for every device screen size. You can make many media queries on CSS that matches for each screen size and you can put custom CSS codes for each media queries.

Here I have explained some steps for creating your blog responsive.

Step1: Add meta tags for responsiveness



Add the following meta tags on your blogger template using the following steps.
  1.  Go to blogger dashboard and click on template
  2. Backup your template for the risk while editing template codes.
  3. Paste the following codes between and <head> and </head> tags.
  4. Save your blogger template.
For website also, paste the following codes between <head> and </head> tags.

Add the following codes to size the contents of blog equal to the device width.

  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width/">

Add the following codes to size the contents of blog equal to the device width and device height.

  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, height=device-height/">

Add the following codes to size the contents of blog equal to the device width and initial zoom size.

  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=2"/>

Add the following codes to size the contents of blog equal to the device width, initial zoom size and maximum zoom size.

  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1, maximum-scale=1/">

Instead or writing meta tags, you can do the same with the following codes in CSS.

@-moz-viewport {
                           width: device-width;
}

@-moz-viewport {
                           width: device-width;
                           height:device-height;
}

@-moz-viewport {
                           width: device-width;
                           initial-scale:2;
}

@-moz-viewport {
                           width: device-width;
                           initial-scale:1;
                           maximum-scale:1;
}


This works only for Mozilla browser, for other browsers you can use -o-, -webkit- and -ms- as prefixed properties.

Step2:Add media queries for each screen size



Add the following media queries  between <![CDATA[*/ and ]]> tags.


@media screen and (max-width:320px){
/*For Small Screen Moblies*/
}

@media screen and (max-width:480px){
/*For Smart Phones and iPhones*/
}

@media screen and (max-width:768px){
/*For Small Tables*/
}

@media screen and (max-width:1024px){
/*For Notebooks*/
}

You can add more media queries according to your need for different screen sizes and orientations and can also use min-width: to specify minimum width of screen.

To specify the screen orientations landscape or portrait use

@media screen and (max-width:480px) and (orientation:landscape) {  }



Step3: Write custom CSS code for media queries



Now, you have to add custom CSS codes for each media queries. The default CSS properties written are replaced by the properties written within these media queries. Here is the sample CSS code written for mobile devices, you can add these codes for media screen with max-width 320 and 480 px.

#wrapper {
        width:85%;
 }
 

#content{
 
        width:100%;
}
 

#sidebar-left{
 
        width:100%;
        clear:both;
}
 

#sidebar-right{
 
          width: 100%;
          clear:both;
} 



Alternate method for adding CSS code with media queries



For the alternate method, you can write media queries with custom CSS codes on a single .css file and link it on header part of  your blog or website as below.

<link rel="stylesheet" media="screen" href="screen.css"/>

You have to give the full path for "screen.css", where the file is placed.

You can also link different style sheet files for different screen sizes as below.

<link rel="stylesheet" media="screen and (max-width:1280px)" href="large.css"/>

<link rel="stylesheet" media="screen and (max-width:480px)" href="small.css"/>

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