Software testing is the measure of the overall quality of the software product. We can also define software testing as the measure of a degree of excellence in any software under test. Here we are typically trying to find out whether the software is fully developed, correct, and secure. In this process, we will find any defects, bugs, or errors that remain hidden under the software. Here we not only check for bugs or errors but also verify the software quality requirements.
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Purpose Of Software Testing
The main purpose of using software is to save a good amount of time and money. The software should have fewer defects and money. The software should have fewer defects and greater reliability in order to fulfill the user requirements.
Software having a number of bugs or errors will take a large portion of software costs and the project will also likely to be a failure. Testing of the software is much more important because errors in software may cause monetary and human loss.
Types Of Software Testing
Software testing can be conducted in different ways and techniques. We can categorize the software testing with different techniques as given below.
Coverage-Based Techniques Types
#1. Functional Testing
As its name suggests in functional testing, we will perform testing to confirm that the functionality of the application works as expected. Here we test the function thoroughly in order to check the complete functionality of the software we are running the test. Functional testing is further categorized into white-box testing and black-box testing.
- White box testing: White box testing is generally unit testing where the tester knows the internal characteristics along with the coding of the software.
- Black box testing: Black box testing mainly focus on functions, command, and features the user can perform. At the time of black box testing, the tester only knows the external characteristics of the testing software.
#2. Boundary Value Testing
This type of testing focuses on the boundary level of the application. Here we check the smallest and largest members of the class along with the values of nearby classes. For example, if an input field accepts values between 50 to 100, the boundary values are 49 and 101.
#3. Graphical User Interface (GUI) Testing
The main objective of this type of testing is to validate the GUI of the application. In this type of testing, we are screening the software for finding the issues agonist the appearance of an application.
Activity-Based Techniques Types
#1. Regression Testing
Regression testing is the process in which we use the same techniques to find out the issues regarding the application after the application has been modified. So, the goal of old bugs regression testing is to prove that a change to the software has been fixed and there are no side effect errors on an application.
#2. Exploratory Testing
In exploratory testing, a tester will learn about the application throughout the project. It is informal testing performed by the testing team. So, the main objective of exploratory testing is to explore the application and search for any defects or bugs that exist in an application.
#3. Installation Testing
Installation testing will be done at the time of installation. So, we will install/uninstall and upgrade the software along with testing in various ways and various types of systems. In this type of testing, a tester will check which files are added or deleted and whether the application will work.
#4. Load Testing
In load testing, a tester will check how much the load or workload software can handle without any performance reduction. Hence, this type of testing helps to find out the maximum capacity of the system and upgrade if it necessary. This type of testing will be most helpful to find out how many demands of resources can handle at the same time.
#5. Performance Testing
Performance testing is most useful to determine how fast the program runs. Here the tester will check whether the system meets the performance requirements and suggests the further optimization is required or not. In performance testing, a tester will also compare the speed of the current release with the previous release.
#6. Negative Testing
In negative testing, a tester will have the mindset of breaking the software and validate that if the system will break. So, this type of testing technique is performed by entering invalid or incorrect data in the input field.
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