The history object has back() and forward() methods that behave like the browser’s back and forward buttons do. Implementation of those methods makes the browser go backward or forward one step in its browsing history.
history.back(); // Go back to the browsing history history.forward(); //Go forward to the browsing history
Creating Buttons for History Back and Forward
You can create buttons to navigate browsing history back and forward using the following code.
<input type=button name="back" value="Go Back" onclick="history.back();"> <input type=button name="forward" value="Go Forward"onclick="history.forward();">
Preview:The “Go Back” button below moves one step back to the browsing history and the “Go Forward” button moves one step forward to the browsing history.
A third method, go(), takes an integer argument and can skip any number of pages forward or backward in the history list.
history.go(-2) //go back 2, like clicking the back button twice
Creating Buttons for History Back and Forward for Specific Page
You can create buttons to navigate browsing history two-step back using the following code.
<input type=button name="backward2" value="Go Back 2" onclick="history.go(-2);">
Clicking the button below moves two-step back from the browsing history.
Using history.go() method, if you want to go forward, you can use positive arguments. Similarly, if you want to go back, you can use a negative argument and the number used on the argument represents how many steps to go back or forward.
For example, if you want to go two steps forward to the browsing history, you can use history.go(2); and if you want to go three-step backward to the browsing history, can use history.go(-3);
If a window contains child windows such as <iframe> elements, the browsing histories of the child windows are chronologically interleaved with the history of the main window. This means that calling history.back() method on the main window may cause one of the child windows to navigate back to a previously displayed document but leave the main window in its current state.
If a frame is contained within another frame that is contained within a top-level window. This frame can refer to the top-level window as a parent. For a parent window to navigate back to a previously displayed document you can use parent property as below.